The term “electronic keyboard” describes any instrument that creates sound from the pressing or striking of keys, and uses electricity, in some manner, to facilitate the development of that sound. The usage of cheap piano keyboards to create music follows an inevitable evolutionary line from the very first musical keyboard instruments, the pipe organ, clavichord, and harpsichord. The pipe organ is the oldest of such, initially designed by the Romans within the 3rd century B.C., and called the hydraulis. The hydraulis produced sound by forcing air through reed pipes, and was powered through a manual water pump or perhaps a natural water source such as a waterfall.
From it’s first manifestation in ancient Rome until the 14th century, the organ remained the only real keyboard instrument. It often did not feature a keyboard at all, instead utilizing large levers or buttons that have been operated using the whole hand.
The subsequent appearance in the clavichord and harpsichord in the 1300’s was accelerated through the standardization of the 12-tone keyboard of white natural keys and black sharp/flat keys found in all keyboard instruments nowadays. The recognition of the clavichord and harpsichord was eventually eclipsed through the development and widespread adoption of the piano inside the 18th century. The piano was a revolutionary advancement in acoustic musical keyboards just because a pianist could vary the amount (or dynamics) in the sound the instrument created by varying the force that each key was struck.
The emergence of electronic sound technology inside the 18th century was the next essential part of the growth of the present day electronic keyboard. The first electrified musical instrument was thought to be the Denis d’or (built by Vaclav Prokop Dovis), dating from about 1753. It was shortly followed by the “clavecin electrique” introduced by Jean Baptiste Thillaie de Laborde around 1760. The previous instrument was comprised of over 700 strings temporarily electrified to improve their sonic qualities. The later was a keyboard instrument featuring plectra, or picks, which were activated electrically.
While being electrified, neither the Denis d’or or even the clavecin used electricity as being a sound source. In 1876, Elisha Gray invented this kind of instrument referred to as “musical telegraph.,” that was, essentially, the very first analog electronic synthesizer. Gray learned that he could control sound from a self-vibrating electromagnetic circuit, and so invented a fundamental single note oscillator. His musical telegraph created sounds from the electromagnetic oscillation of steel reeds and transmitted them over a telephone line. Grey went on to incorporate an easy loudspeaker into his later models which was made up of a diaphragm vibrating in a magnetic field, making the tone oscillator audible.
Lee De Forrest, the self-styled “Father Of Radio,” was another major reason for the development of the electronic keyboard. In 1906 he invented the triode electronic valve or “audion valve.” The audion valve was the initial thermionic valve or “vacuum tube,” and De Forrest built the very first vacuum tube instrument, the “Audion Piano,” in 1915. The vacuum tube became an important part of electronic instruments for the upcoming half a century up until the emergence and widespread adoption of transistor technology.
The decade of the 1920’s brought a wealth of new electronic instruments on the scene including the Theremin, the Ondes Martenot, and also the Trautonium.
The next major breakthrough in the background of buy electric piano started in 1935 with the creation of the Hammond Organ. The Hammond was the very first electronic instrument competent at producing polyphonic sounds, and remained so till the invention in the Chamberlin Music Maker, as well as the Mellotron in the late 1940’s and early 1950’s. The Chamberlin and also the Mellotron were the initial ever sample-playback keyboards intended for making music.
The electronic piano made it’s first appearance within the 1940’s using the “Pre-Piano” by Rhodes (later Fender Rhodes). This was a 3 along with a half octave instrument created from 1946 until 1948 that came built with self-amplification. In 1955 the Wurlitzer Company debuted their first electric piano, “The 100.”
An upswing of music synthesizers inside the 1960’s gave a powerful push towards the evolution of the electronic musical keyboards we now have today. The initial synthesizers were extremely large, unwieldy machines used only in recording studios. The technological advancements and proliferation of miniaturized solid state components soon allowed producing synthesizers that have been self-contained, portable instruments able to being used in live performances.
This began in 1964 when Bob Moog produced his “Moog Synthesizer.” Lacking a keyboard, the Moog Synthesizer had not been truly a digital keyboard. Then, in 1970, Moog debuted his “Minimoog,” a non-modular synthesizer with a built in keyboard, which instrument further standardized the appearance of electronic musical keyboards.
Most early analog synthesizers, like the Minimoog as well as the Roland SH-100, were monophonic, able to producing just one single tone at a time. A few, such as the EML 101, ARP Odyssey, and also the Moog Sonic Six, could produce two different tones at the same time when two keys were pressed. True polyphony (the production of multiple simultaneous tones which permit for uwetwb playing of chords) was only obtainable, at first, using electronic organ designs. There were a number of electronic keyboards produced which combined organ circuits with synthesizer processing. These included Moog’s Polymoog, Opus 3, and also the ARP Omni.
By 1976, additional design advancements had allowed the appearance of polyphonic synthesizers including the Oberheim Four-Voice, and also the Yamaha series CS-50, CS-60, and CS-80. The initial truly practical polyphonic synth, introduced in 1977, was the Sequential Circuits Prophet-5. This instrument was the first one to utilize a microprocessor being a controller, and also allowed all knob settings to get saved in computer memory and recalled simply by pushing a button. The Prophet-5’s design soon took over as the new standard in the electronic keyboards industry.
The adoption of Musical Instrumental Digital Interface (MIDI) since the standard for digital code transmission (allowing electronic keyboards to get connected into computers along with other devices for input and programming), and the ongoing digital technological revolution have produced tremendous advancements in every elements of full piano keyboard, construction, function, audio quality, and price. Today’s manufactures, like Casio, Yamaha, Korg, Rolland, and Kurzweil, are now producing an abundance of well-built, lightweight, versatile, great sounding, and affordable electronic keyboard musical instruments and can continue to accomplish this well in to the near future.